The tires that you put on your vehicle are a very important aspect of safety. You want to ensure that the tires you are driving on are going to provide enough traction to be be safe in existing weather conditions. The most dangerous thing you will be doing each day will be putting your vehicle in drive and pulling onto a road, so you can't afford not to have good tires. The truth of the matter is there is not one tire that is perfect for all conditions. Rather, a great deal of engineering and science has gone into making tires that can give you the most traction in different types of environments. Here are a few different tires you should be aware of.
Winter tires are usually built from a softer rubber that can flex just a little bit. If the tires were built out of really hard rubber, think hockey pucks, you would not be able to get very much traction. The softer rubber is also often infused with small silicon micro-crystals that can drastically improve the overall traction that you have on icy conditions. You do not want to be on an icy road with the wrong type of tire.
When you buy a set of summer tires, you are usually going to be purchasing a set of tires that is built from very hard rubber. However, the rubber is engineered to get a little bit sticky when it is heated up. The stickiness of the rubber will significantly increase the amount of traction that you have during those hot summer days. This stickiness can also be very important if you ever hit water while driving as it can help keep you from hydroplaning. A set of summer tires during the summer will make your summer driving just a little bit more safe.
If you are in unconsolidated sand or soil, you want to have big wide tread. You also want your tread to be as deep as possible. If you use regular tires off road, you will find that you soon have zero traction because the tread is too shallow and not wide enough. The off-road tires that you invest in should be built from a softer rubber allowing the tire to get maximum grip on loose boulders and sand. The deep and wide tread will allow the gripping of the soil, but also allow the soil to be cleaned out easily.